In 1893, Queen Lili'uokalani's reign would soon come to an end. Over 160 U.S. sailors and marines were prepared to aid the haoles (white foreigners) who planned to overthrow the Hawaiian monarchy. The white foreigners consisted of local sugar planters and businessmen who feared the loss of revenue and the influence of the Queen. To avoid bloodshed, Queen Lili'uokalani was forced to surrender to the superior force of the United States. A provisional government was established there after and named the Republic of Hawaii, proclaiming Sanford B. Dole as president. Lili'uokalani was imprisoned for eight months at ‘Iolani Palace in 1895 for her alleged knowledge of a counterrevolutionary attempt by her supporters, although it was never proven. Once she was released and on parole, she went to Washington, D.C. to seek help from President Grover Cleveland. Despite all of Lili'uokalani’s efforts, Hawaii was annexed by President McKinley in 1898.
Joint Resolution to Provide for Annexing the Hawaiian Islands to the United States, July 7, 1898.
A letter from Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii to U.S. House of Representatives protesting U.S. assertion of ownership of Hawaii, December 19, 1898.